Banco de Tierras
Description of the problem
Rural exodus is the migratory pattern of peoples from rural areas into urban areas. Many areas that could potentially produce food are left to the abandonment and in some certain critical areas left to land erosion and desertification.
At the same time not many people willing to dedicate their life to agriculture can afford a land to work in.
“Banco de Tierras” is a spanish institutional organism born during the agrarian reform, which is in charge of redistributing agricultural lands in a way that they can adapt to modernization and social and agricultural development. Lately it is becoming more popular among young people who want to start a rural life but are not able to afford the lands. Therefore the “Banco de Tierras” distributes lands that currently is abandoned or not used to people who can work.
The activity of the organism is directed to:
- Agricultural business’ with the idea of increasing the agricultural surface
- Young people who want to dedicate to agricultural business’
- Agricultural cooperatives willing to increase their productive land
- Land affected by aging and rural exodus
Risks and precautions
To improve the land value and reduce the risk of erosion, proper agroecological practices are important in order to avoid soil erosion due to impactful agricultural practices. The main risk is that the land is used for intensive agricultural practices increasing the enrivonmental risks, loss of nutrients, climate change gases etc.
It is also an ambitious project that needs a critical mass before it can properly work at regime, hence it needs time to diffuse and for people to be familiar with it.
- Give value to potential agricultural lands
- Stop the loss of useful agricultural land
- Improve and increase the local land use
- Avoid land abandonment
- Foster generational relief
- Create new jobs
The organism is present all over Spain. As a proprietor of land or as a user interested in using the land you have to register, and the two parts will be put in contact so they can arrange the terms of the agreement. Generally the land is ceased between 5 to 30 years, but this can vary according to the region. Sometimes the owner asks for a rent, but this is also dependent on the case.
Tips for adaptation
Mostly every spanish region has a local “Banco de Tierras” that can manage more closely the situation of lands, and distribute them locally.
The following are just a few links to the organism in several regions of Spain. Many others are present
Banco de Tierras del Bierzo (Spanish)
Banco de Terras de Galicia (Spanish)
Banco de Tierras Asturias (Spanish)
Banco de Tierras Murcia (Spanish)